The Poles are aware of their recorded memory, and historical facts continue to affect and drive many societal views. The nation was largely regarded to have lost severely during the twentieth century. Pretty much every single Polish household would have been impacted in some way by the oppression and suffering of World War II. Poland was occupied by the Soviet Union after WWII and finally gained independence in 1989. In Poland, these decades saw widespread industrialization, urbanisation, and numerous advances in standard of living. Nevertheless, societal discontent, acute financial struggles, administrative impediments, and the restriction of various types of self and individual liberty undermined the communist system. Many individuals remain unconvinced of politicians and distrustful of government as a consequence of this time.
Polish literature has traditionally been the primary medium for cultural representation in Poland. Poetry and christianity are two foundations of Polish culture for very many Poles. Another of their most valued linkages to Western culture is literary, which serves as among the primary defenders of their nationhood. Even during communist time, though, the strong association between local political rallies and cultural tendencies, as well as the need of resorting to complicated metaphor, references, and symbolism, made many brilliant Polish masterpieces unreachable to the greater community.
Adam Mickiewicz, Juliusz Sowacki, and Zygmunt Krasiski are the three greatest and most famous Polish authors with the first half of the 19th century. Wonderful Polish literature writers, such as Bolesaw Prus, Eliza Orzeszkowa, Stefan eromski, and Nobel Prize winners Henryk Sienkiewicz (1905) and Wadysaw Reymont (1924), were involved even during late nineteenth century and the beginning of the twentieth century, who were mostly a portion of the Young Poland motion. The brilliant author Joseph Conrad (Józef Teodor Konrad Korzeniowski), although matured works were in English but who contributed a decidedly non-English dramatic sensitivity to English literature, should be included to this list. The welcome granted to clandestine writing that began after World War II but it was not recognised till the 1950s and 1960s is an example.
The newer generation writers
Zbigniew Herbert, Tadeusz Róewicz, and Nobel Laureates Czesaw Miosz and Wisawa Szymborska were among the most prominent artists of the post war era. Screenwriters Witold Gombrowicz and Sawomir Mroek, scientific research author Stanisaw Lem, and journalist and novelist Ryszard Kapuciski, as well as expat novelist Jerzy Kosinski and non – resident Nowa fala poet Adam Zagajewski, got global acclaim in the latter half of the twentieth century. Polish poetry, which was produced on the outside of European throughout the majority of the 20th century, has been acknowledged as a crucial influence not only in the cultural scene of Poland, but also in global literature in large.